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This Mechanical Reasoning preparation pack includes the most common mechanical topics, including:

  • Force and Moment
  • Cogwheels, Wheels, Pulleys, and Levers
  • Fluids
  • Velocity
  • Quantitative
  • Electricity
  • Acoustics & Optics
  • Thermodynamics
  • Tools

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Learn About Mechanical Aptitude Tests

If you want to get a job in mechanics, chances are you will have to take a mechanical reasoning test. These aptitude tests are designed to determine your aptitude in mechanics, which companies then use to assess whether or not you have the skills necessary to thrive at the workplace.  

Common job types that might ask that you take a mechanical reasoning test are: 

  • Field Technicians
  • Mechanics
  • Plant operators
  • Construction workers
  • Electricians

What is a Mechanical Reasoning Test? 

Mechanical reasoning tests assess your knowledge of basic principles of physics, such as the way in which objects interact with each other, gravity, and mass. You will need to have a good understanding of these elements of physics and basic math in order to pass your mechanical reasoning examination

Questions you are likely to encounter on the test include pictures and multiple-choice style questions that focus on moving systems, balance, equilibrium, mass, thermodynamics, and the flow of electricity. From pulleys and levers to cogs and gears, your understanding of mechanics will be tested to give companies a thorough understanding of all that you have to offer. 

Since there is not a standard mechanical reasoning test, each exam can vary depending on what the employer is looking for in an employee. Generally, most tests are timed at around 20-25 minutes. 

Popular Mechanical Reasoning Exams 

Though there is not one set mechanical reasoning test, there are three tests that are more popular than the rest: 

Bennett Mechanical Comprehension Test (BMCT) 

The BMCT is one of the most frequently used mechanical pre-employment exams. Version II of the BMCT is 55 questions long and lasts for 30 minutes. The older, handwritten Version I is still used by some employers and contains 68 questions that must be completed in 30 minutes. 

This test consists 10 mechanical topics with pictures of physical situations in which you will be required to answer questions related to the pictures. 

Ramsay Mechanical Aptitude Test 

The Ramsay MAT is a 36-question exam that lasts for 20 minutes. This exam also consists of images displaying scenarios, however, these situations are practical, like working with tools or home appliances. 

Wiesen Test (WTMA) 

The WTMA is a 60-question multiple-choice exam that lasts only 30 minutes. Your mechanical aptitude is tested here be looking at how well you understand force, torque, fluids, velocity, levers, and electricity.   

10 Common Mechanical Reasoning Test Types 

To score high on your mechanical reasoning test, you will need to have a basic understanding of mechanical topics and the physical principles that are involved. These principles will often need to be applied strategically to different scenarios that you may encounter in the workplace.  

Below you will find information on 10 of the most common topic questions that might appear on your mechanical reasoning test, ranked from most to least common. Depending on the type of mechanical aptitude test you are taking, the percentages of these types of questions may vary.  

Force and Movement 

The most popular mechanical reasoning test questions involve force and movement, with 26% of questions falling into this category on average. This subject includes force, movement, and also equilibrium. You are likely to see levers, structures, and common workplace scenarios involving the use of tools in this section.  


Making up roughly 18% of mechanical reasoning tests is fluids. These questions involve both liquid and gas and how they respond to various circumstances. You must have good judgment of how fluids respond to temperature, their density, how water pressure works, and which liquids sink and which float. 


Another 18% of your exam will likely contain questions about velocity. Touch up on your knowledge of mechanical classics to prepare for this section, which focuses on the laws and findings of Newton and Galileo. Acceleration and gravity are also part of the velocity section.  


About 12% of the questions in a mechanical reasoning test involve thermodynamics, which covers heating, cooling, and other properties of water, such as condensation and evaporation.  


9% of your exam is likely to be about electricity. These questions focus on the basic fundamentals of electricity, such as electrical currents, voltages, and circuitry. 


Approximately 5% of the test will be on wheels. You will need to know how wheels move, the ways in which size affects speed, and rotational velocity.  


Another 5% of your exam involves your ability to determine how gears move and which gears move faster based on the given images.  


Pulleys make up an estimated 4% of a mechanical reasoning test. These questions often require you to compare and contrast two pulley systems to determine which moves faster or needs the most force in order to move.  


2% of your exam will be on the principles of sound and how well you can compare the pitches of objects. You might also need to be familiar with the Doppler Effect.  


Only 1% of the exam includes optics, which involves how light works and how it is bent, reflected and refracted.  

Mechanical Reasoning Examples

Example Question 1:

How much does the yellow box need to weigh in order to balance the plank?

Mechanical Reasoning Test
 Example Question 1:

Example Question 2:

Which pulley system requires less force to raise the weight?

Mechanical Reasoning Test
 Example Question 2:

Example Question 3:

Which direction will the lower black wheel turn when the green wheel starts turning?

Mechanical Reasoning Test
 Example Question 3

How to Pass a Mechanical Reasoning Test 

To pass your exam, you will need to prepare ahead of time in order to familiarize yourself with the layout and types of questions on your particular test. Here are a few tips on how to pass a mechanical reasoning test

  • Prioritize studying the most common test question types. 
  • Take timed practice exams to find your strongest and weakest areas. 
  • Prepare in a similar environment to the actual test. 
  • Review subjects that are difficult for you. 

Prepare for Your Mechanical Reasoning Test 

If you want to score high marks on your mechanical reasoning test, you will need to take a professional pre-assessment. Our mechanical reasoning practice test covers the common question types so you can be prepared for success.  

Start practicing today to improve your score on the real test.